2018 began in many respects following the trends of 2017. The second half of the year, however, saw a dramatic increase in volatility and uncertainty. This was driven by concerns over the economy as forecasts began to show slowing global growth, including in the US, and some considerations for a possible recession into 2020. This evolved from escalating trade disagreements and tariffs, and weaker than expected growth from the tax cuts enacted at the end of 2017. The Fed continued to raise rates on the short end of the curve, while at the same time noting a somewhat less hawkish tone.